Knowing how to quote a bibliography correctly is essential for the presentation of academic papers. Our goal is to provide some guidelines for the preparation and presentation of citations and references that are useful for the preparation and presentation of study or research works.
An indication of a relevant reference in the text
The data described in a document or part of it, in order to identify and locate it
Both citations and references should be developed in accordance with a rule or standard, among which ISO 690
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) developed the ISO 690: 2010 Information and documentation - Guidelines for bibliographic references and citations to information resources being translated into Spanish, UNE-ISO 690 Information and documentation. Guidelines for writing references and citation of information resources in May 2013 by the AENOR. This standard is a general framework for the presentation of citations and bibliographies. ISO 690 is not a style, but the guidelines for the minimum data to indicate when mentioning.
If ISO 690 is the framework that gives the minimum guidelines for bibliographic references, there are multiple entities that develop their own style manuals, covering the entire process of preparation and editing a manuscript, both in content and in presentation. Furthermore they define the specific aspects of quotations and references, such as punctuation, spelling, typography, abbreviations, etc.
The main styles are:
The following section (General guidelines for making references) presents an adapted summary ISO 690: 2010 and UNE-ISO equivalent 690-2013. This rule explains the criteria to be followed for the preparation of bibliographic references. In it the order of the elements of the bibliographic references and conventions for the transcription and presentation of information is established. However, punctuation and typographic style are not prescriptive, so here is shown to be understood as a simple recommendation.